Years After The Equal Pay Act, Gender At last nht's presidential debate, audience member Katherine Fenton got up and asked how the candidates planned to fix the fact that women make "only 72 percent of what their male counterparts earn." It's a familiar stat that, as some conservatives argued today, is also a bit misleading. When you compare men and women who work similar hours in similar jobs, the gap shrinks snificantly. To get a sense of why women today are still paid less than men, and how much of the difference we can actually blame on discrimination, I spoke with Francine Blau, an award winning labor economist at Cornell who has published widely on gender and the workplace. President John F. Kennedy sned the Equal Pay Act in 1963 in an effort to abolish wage discrimination based on gender. Half a century later, the Obama.
The Awful Truth Behind The Gender Pay A student-led space to support community, health, and well-being for self-identified women of color undergraduates, graduate students, and alumnae at UCSB. In the Spring of 2012, the Women of Color Circle was formed as a space to support community, health, and well-being for self-identified women of color undergraduates, graduate students, and alumnae at UCSB. Another year, another several million dollars lost to the gender pay gap. On April 8 we once again recognize Equal Pay Day, the symbolic date when women.
Helen Clark Keynote speech on Women's Economic Empowerment. Gloria Steinem talked about the future of and remaining challenges for the women’s rhts movement. Among them she detailed equal pay, violence against women, college tuition and child care costs, and reproductive freedom. Mar 18, 2016. Helen Clark Keynote speech on Women's Economic Empowerment for. The gender pay gap is real and persistent globally, on average, women earn 24. research by Istanbul cal University Women's Studies Centre.
New ACC Survey Finds 'Dramatic' Women make up a little over half of the world’s population, but their contribution to measured economic activity and growth is far below its potential. Despite significant progress in recent decades, labor markets across the world remain divided along gender lines, and progress toward gender equality seems to have stalled. The challenges of growth, job creation, and inclusion are closely intertwined. This volume brings together key research by IMF economists on issues related to gender and macroeconomics. In addition to providing policy prescriptions and case studies from IMF member countries, the chapters also look at the gender gap from an economic point of view by covering issues such as income gaps and participation in the labor force, as well as legal impediments that affect the economic activities of women within some societies. The Report reflects discussion among Executive Directors on June 7, 2016 and responds to the April 16, 2016 Communique of the Thirty-Third Meeting of the IMFC which stated that "We reiterate the importance of maintaining the high quality and improving the regional, gender, and education diversity of the IMF's staff, and of promoting gender diversity in the Executive Board." This paper surveys European gender budgeting efforts, which have enjoyed sustained support for more than a decade and a half. In a number of countries, gender budgeting led to significant changes in budget legislation and administrative practices. In some countries, it is also possible to tie gender budgeting efforts to expenditure and revenue policy reforms. At a time of continued fiscal austerity in Europe, gender budgeting can help inform fiscal policies to ensure gender-related goals are met. Civil society has played an active role in advocating for effective gender budgeting. Of the countries in the Caribbean and Pacific Islands, Timor-Leste has the most well-developed gender budgeting initiative. In the Pacific Islands, a few gender budgeting efforts were initiated but did not continue. In the Caribbean, there have been no well-developed gender budgeting efforts, although governments have undertaken policies to promote gender equality. We provide a number of recommendations to improve the effectiveness of gender budgeting efforts. Governments should link gender budgeting to national development plans, set realistic time expectations for achieving results, engage in capacity building with officials, draw upon strengths outside the government, and strengthen regional coordination. Gender budgeting is an approach to fiscal policy and administration that integrates considerations of women’s equality and advancement into the budget. Latin American countries have undertaken diverse gender budgeting initiatives, most of them addressing public expenditures. This paper surveys and assesses some key initiatives, including those in Mexico, Mexico City, Ecuador, Bolivia, and El Salvador, and briefly summarizes others. The five key initiatives offer different perspectives on how countries approach gender budgeting. We find that these initiatives are contributing to the reduction of gender inequality and the advancement of women in Latin America, though there is scope to strengthen them. Gender budgeting is an initiative to use fiscal policy and administration to address gender inequality and women’s advancement. A large number of sub-Saharan African countries have adopted gender budgeting. Two countries that have achieved notable success in their efforts are Uganda and Rwanda, both of which have integrated gender-oriented goals into budget policies, programs, and processes in fundamental ways. Other countries have made more limited progress in introducing gender budgeting into their budget-making. Leadership by the ministry of finance is critical for enduring effects, although nongovernmental organizations and parliamentary bodies in sub-Saharan Africa play an essential role in advocating for gender budgeting. Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women’s advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts in the region—Morocco and Afghanistan. Achievements in these two countries include increasing female primary and secondary education enrollment rates and reducing maternal mortality. But the region not only needs to use fiscal policies for women’s advancement, but also reform tax and financial laws, enforce laws that assure women’s safety in public, and change laws that prevent women from taking advantage of employment opportunities. This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-related goals into budgetary commitments and can help countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals with regard to gender equality. India has a sustainable gender budgeting model for the region, while a few countries in the region have begun such efforts more recently. The legislative mandates for gender budgeting in the Philippines and South Korea are remarkable achievements and are contributing to their efforts. Gender budgeting is an approach to budgeting that uses fiscal policy and administration to promote gender equality and girls and women’s development. This paper posits that, properly designed, gender budgeting improves budgeting, and it places budgeting for this purpose in the context of sound budgeting principles and practices. The paper provides an overview of the policies and practices associated with gender budgeting as they have emerged across the world, as well as examples of the most prominent initiatives in every region of the world. Finally, it suggests what can be learned from these initiatives. The paper shows that gender inequality decreases the variety of goods countries produce and export, in particular in low-income and developing countries. It argues that this happens through at least two channels: first, gender gaps in opportunity, such as lower educational enrollment rates for girls than for boys, harm diversification by constraining the potential pool of human capital available in an economy. Second, gender gaps in the labor market impede the development of new ideas by decreasing the efficiency of the labor force. The empirical estimates support these hypotheses, providing evidence that gender-friendly policies could help countries diversify their economies. A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality—income or gender related—can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gender inequalities, including from legal gender-based restrictions, are jointly negatively associated with per capita GDP growth. With an aging population and declining productivity growth, Europe faces serious challenges to raising its output growth. Adding to these challenges are the various gender gaps in the labor market. Despite significant progress in recent decades, there are still fewer women than men participating in Europe’s labor market, and women are more likely to work part time. Furthermore, a smaller share of women reaches the top rungs of the corporate ladder. Could greater gender equality in the labor market help mitigate the slowdown in Europe’s growth potential? We extend both the United Nations Development Program’s Gender Development Index and Gender Inequality Index to examine time trends. In recent decades, the world has moved closer to gender equality and narrowed gaps in education, health, and economic and political opportunity; however, substantial differences remain, especially in South Asia, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan Africa. The results suggest countries can make meaningful improvements in gender equality, even while significant income differences between countries remain. This paper examines the macroeconomic interaction between informality and gender inequality in the labor market. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is built to study the impact of gender-targeted policies on female labor force participation, female formal employment, gender wage gap, as well as on aggregate economic outcomes. The model is estimated using Bayesian techniques and Indian data. Although these policies are found to increase female labor force participation and output, lack of sufficient formal job creation due to labor market rigidities leads to an increase in unemployment and informality, and further widens gender gaps in formal employment and wages. Simultaneously implementing such policies with formal job creating policies helps remove these adverse impacts while also leading to significantly larger gains in output. The attainment of a more equitable society and narrowing gender differences are two issues that are drawing considerable attention from policymakers in a number of countries. There is also increasing recognition that the pursuit of these two objectives is not just desirable from a social equity perspective, but that it would have beneficial effects for the macroeconomy. As a result, a number of papers have studied the links between income inequality and growth, as well as female labor force participation and its link to the overall economy. This paper aims to extend this literature by documenting the links between inequality of income and that of gender. This Staff Discussion Note examines the effect of gender-based legal restrictions and other policy choices and demographic characteristics on female labor force participation. Drawing on a large and novel panel data set of gender-related legal restrictions, the study finds that restrictions on women’s rights to inheritance and property, as well as legal impediments to undertaking economic activities such as opening a bank account or freely pursuing a profession, are strongly associated with larger gender gaps in labor force participation. These factors have a significant additional impact on female labor force participation over and above the effects of demographic characteristics and policies. In many cases, the gender gaps caused by these restrictions also have macro-critical effects in terms of an impact on GDP. More In February 2016, the IMF launched an online campaign for innovative women to share their stories under the hashtag #IMFGender. The stories we received were powerful and inspirational. Women are using every tool possible to advance and lift-up their communities. Below are some of the inspiring stories women shared with us: The person. Maria is from Pakistan and is involved with capacity training in a remote northern area of Pakistan in partnership with a local NGO. In the first 2 months they have trained over 200 locals in various online work skills. In addition, Maria is an advisor to Think Global Institute, a nonprofit global business accelerator. Maria also fills the role of mentor and inspired leader. The Initiative: Training rural Pakistani Women in micro online tasks. The organization focuses on all kinds of computer-based services such as affordable content writing, virtual assistance, Facebook/Blackberry/i Phone apps, CRM systems, CMS systems, website development, and videography to clients all over the world. Marcela is a software developer at the Institute of Projects and Research of the Ceará State University in Brazil. She graduated in Computer Science in 2015, with an exchange program at Arizona State University. The Initiative: She created an application that connects corporations with female entrepreneurs. Marcela Alves and her partner Brenda Miranda created an online tool called Empower-it. It is designed to help corporations connect with women entrepreneurs to do business with each other. The applications allow women to register their business and make the first contact based on the results of searches done through some specific filters such as sectors of industry or company certification. Lina is a blogger and activist who had a prominent role during the Tunisia revolution. She has been awarded the Deutsche Welle International Blog Award and El Mundo’s International Journalism Prize. The Initiative: The blogger of the Jasmine revolution in Tunisia. She was one of the few bloggers who was able to blog from ground zero of the revolution in Tunisia. Through her accounts and photos, she managed to mirror the situation inside the country in the media worldwide. International Women’s Day—March 8—is one of my favorite days. It is a time to celebrate the impressive progress women at all levels of the career ladder have made in recent decades […] by Antoinette Sayeh Rising inequality is both a moral and economic issue that has implications for the general health of the global economy, and impacts prosperity and growth. So it’s not surprising that reducing inequality is an integral part of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by world leaders at the […] By Benedict Clements, Kamil Dybczak, and Mauricio Soto Populations are getting older around the world—that’s no surprise in light of declining fertility and improvements in health care. But in many countries, something more dramatic is going on—the population is actually shrinking. These demographic developments portend stark fiscal challenges. What should countries—whatever […] By Sonali Jain-Chandra, Kalpana Kochhar, and Monique Newiak Despite progress, wide gaps between women and men’s economic empowerment and opportunity remain, which policymakers need to tackle urgently. In most countries, more men than women work, and they get paid more for similar work. Also, there are considerable gender gaps in access to […] By Christine Lagarde Leveling the legal playing field for women holds real promise for the world—in both human and economic terms. Unfortunately, that promise remains largely ignored and its potential untapped. In too many countries, too many legal restrictions conspire against women to […] The IMF says the global economy would benefit by Boosting Women’s Participation in the Labor Force, and hosted a seminar on the topic last fall during the Fund’s annual meetings. Sarah Iqbal participated in that forum and talks in this podcast about the hurdles women face when starting a business. Despite outnumbering men as college graduates within OECD countries, women are still underrepresented at the very top managerial levels, particularly in finance & business. A group of women veterans of Wall street describe how they got to Wall Street, what they found there, and offer advice to young women who want to get there. More Europe faces serious challenges to increasing future output growth. Improving women’s participation in the overall labor market and their representation in senior corporate positions is one important strategy European countries could pursue to help mitigate the projected slowdown in growth More men work than women in most countries, and they get paid more for similar work. In many countries, girls and women have less access to education, health and finance than boys and men. Greater gender equality would benefit the economy through higher growth and lower income inequality. By Christine Lagarde, IMF Managing Director, at the National Democratic Institute, Washington DC"My message is simple: we need a 21st century mentality for women’s economic participation. We need to flush away the flotsam of ingrained gender inequality." the conference will offer panel discussions with academics and public officials working on relevant topics, as well as a keynote speech by Prof. Diane Elson, and the presentation of results from an IMF/UK DFID project on gender budgeting. Achieving comprehensive economic development and reaching the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) require a decisive challenge to existing barriers to women’s economic equality. With that in mind, the UN Secretary General recently established a High Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment to address the most persistent gender gaps that “constrain women’s rights and hinder economic growth and productivity.” The heads of both the IMF and the World Bank are members, along with prominent voices from civil society, academia, and business. Using recommendations from the High Level Panel and recent IMF research as a background, this session will explore how macroeconomic policy should be used as a tool to advance women’s economic empowerment and equality. It will look at what political leaders and international institutions such as the IMF should do differently to achieve the SDGs (and especially SDG No. 5 on gender equality), looking at the four focus areas of the UN High Level Panel: (i) eliminating legal barriers to female economic empowerment, (ii) addressing the care economy, (iii) reducing gender pay gaps, and (iv) expanding opportunities for women who work informally. The IMF will hold a gender and macroeconomics conference on March 24, 2017. The conference is intended to provide a forum for discussing innovative empirical and theoretical research on gender and macroeconomics, with specific application to the challenges of low-income developing countries. Empirical and theoretical studies on a wide range of issues related to gender and macroeconomics are welcome. Interested contributors should submit by August 31, 2016 a draft paper or a short proposal (which should reach the draft paper stage by January 2017). Please respond to [email protected] [email protected] “” in the subject of the email. Women comprise a little more than half the world’s population, yet significant gender gaps in labor markets constrain their contribution to measured economy activity and growth. Earlier IMF research pointed to the importance of increasing female participation as part of the economic recipe to boost growth prospects in a wide range of countries, including many advanced economies. Most recent research by the IMF suggests that more women in senior corporate positions may also improve firms’ financial performance. Despite significant progress in recent decades, progress toward gender equality is hampered by gaps in participation in the labor force, earnings, and the limited number of women in senior positions. This panel of experts will examine the role that women’s role in the labor market plays in overall growth and stability. But the debate doesn’t end in the corporate sector. New research also shows that public policy may have just as much a role to play as personal choice in women’s decision to work. How does tax policy play an unintended role in keeping women out of the labor force? A new report from the Association of Corporate Counsel draws “a dramatic picture of gender pay disparity” for women in-house lawyers, while it shows their male.
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Sexism and Gender Discrimination Kuca, vila, stan, apartman, zemljiste ili poslovni prostor – sve sto trazite na jednom mestu. Bilo da kupujete ili prodajete nas portal je izbor za vas. Jedinstveni katalog odlicnih prilika za investiciju.* Jednostavnim klikom na dugme KUPUJEM ispod ovog teksta i ispravnim popunjavanjem upitnika u najkracem mogucem roku na svoj mejl dobicete kompletnu ponudu nekretnina u skladu sa vasim zeljama i potrebama.* Na isti nacin funkcionise i dugme PRODAJEM. Jednostavnim klikom dolazite na stranicu sa formularom cijim popunjavanjem i slanjem dospevate u nasu bazu. Naravno, u obzir dolaze samo pravilno popunjeni formulari. Department of Labor, cited in Lae Wolfe, "Job Fields Business Women Dominate" The largest percentage of employed Asian and white women 47% and 39%, respectively.
What is the gender pay gap? The It is known that today the issue on the gender gaps is widely discussed in our society. It means that there is a huge discrepancy, and that it is the major task of the U. government to provide equal pay and reduce gender gaps in our society. government should pay more attention to the issue on the gender gaps in our society. President Obama “women still earn on average only about 75% for every dollar a man earns” (Homowitz). Although there are many laws in the USA that protect the rights of women, discrimination against women does exist. Many women state that the majority of male bosses prefer to deal with male workers. This act will help to enrich a Democratic constituency of the United States. According to the recent survey, “male managers fear that a female candidate for promotion, however capable, will be more distracted by family matters than a male would be” (Homowitz). President is interested in reducing the gender gap. It means that differences in pay between male and female employees should not be based on “differences in education, training, and experience unless there is a “business necessity”—an invitation to litigation” (Will). In democratic society, women and men should have equal rights not only in any social activities and at home, but also in the workplace. It means that female employees are less able to handle competition and pressure in the workplace. He is ready to implement the appropriate strategies to promote equal pay in the United States. government to increase women’s protection through the adoption of new laws. To sum up, pay disparities should be eliminated through effective laws adopted by the U. He has already added the equal pay sign to his campaign logo (Weiner). The gender pay gap is the difference between women’s and men’s average weekly full-time equivalent earnings, expressed as a percentage of men’s earnings.
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